India’s Neighboring Countries – Multiple Choice Questions PDF

India shares land and maritime borders with several South Asian nations. In this post we share details about India’s Neighboring Countries that help to your upcoming competitive exam.

India’s Neighboring Countries Important Points

● The total number of India’s neighboring countries is 9 (7 land and 2 maritime).
■ Seven countries share a land border with India: Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

  • Two countries share a maritime border with India: Sri Lanka and Maldives (located in the Indian Ocean).
  • Three countries share both land and maritime borders with India: Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Pakistan.
  • Countries in the Indian subcontinent include India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.
  • The Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separate India from Sri Lanka.
  • The longest international land boundary of India is with Bangladesh.
  • The shortest international land boundary of India is with Afghanistan.
  • Tripura is surrounded by Bangladesh on three sides.
  • Sri Lanka is the nearest maritime neighbor to India (second is Indonesia).
  • The Great Channel separates Indonesia’s Sumatra from India’s Great Nicobar Island.
  • Bangladesh and Myanmar are located to the east of India.
  • Pakistan is located to the west of India.
  • Nepal, Bhutan, and China are located to the north of India.
  • Sri Lanka is located to the south of India.
  • China is the neighboring country with the largest area among India’s neighbors.
  • Jammu and Kashmir is the only Indian state that shares a border with Afghanistan.
  • The India-Pakistan border is known as the Radcliffe Line (defined on August 15, 1947, by Sir Cyril Radcliffe).
  • The India-China border is called the McMahon Line (defined on April 27, 1914, in Shimla).
  • The Durand Line defines the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan (defined in 1896).
  • The total number of Indian states sharing a border with neighboring countries is 17.
  • The region of India under Pakistan’s control is called Pakistan-administered Kashmir (POK).
  • The Line of Control (L.O.C.) demarcates the ceasefire line between India and Pakistan.
  • The Line of Control was established in 1972 under the Shimla Agreement.
  • Adam’s Bridge is located between India and Sri Lanka.

India’s Neighboring Countries Multiple Choice Questions

How many total neighboring countries does India have, including both land and maritime borders?
(a) 7
(b) 8
(c) 9
(d) 10

Answer: (c) 9

Which of the following is not a land neighbor of India?
(a) Pakistan
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Nepal
(d) China

Answer: (b) Sri Lanka

What separates India from Sri Lanka?
(a) Indus River
(b) Redcliff Line
(c) Palk Strait
(d) MacMahon Line

Answer: (c) Palk Strait

Which neighboring country is surrounded by India on three sides?
(a) Bhutan
(b) Bangladesh
(c) Myanmar
(d) Nepal

Answer: (d) Nepal

The maritime boundary with which country forms the shortest international border for India?
(a) Maldives
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Indonesia
(d) Bangladesh

Answer: (b) Sri Lanka

Which state in India is surrounded on three sides by Bangladesh?
(a) West Bengal
(b) Assam
(c) Tripura
(d) Bihar

Answer: (c) Tripura

The Redcliff Line demarcates the border between which two countries?
(a) India and Pakistan
(b) India and China
(c) India and Bangladesh
(d) India and Afghanistan

Answer: (a) India and Pakistan

What is the longest international land boundary of India?
(a) India-Pakistan
(b) India-China
(c) India-Nepal
(d) India-Bangladesh

Answer: (d) India-Bangladesh

Which country is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait?
(a) Maldives
(b) Bangladesh
(c) Sri Lanka
(d) Myanmar

Answer: (c) Sri Lanka

The Great Channel separates which two regions?
(a) Sumatra and Great Nicobar Island
(b) Sri Lanka and Lakshadweep
(c) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(d) Maldives and Lakshadweep

Answer: (a) Sumatra and Great Nicobar Island

The LOC (Line of Control) is associated with which conflict?
(a) India-Pakistan
(b) India-China
(c) India-Nepal
(d) India-Bangladesh
Answer: (a) India-Pakistan

Which agreement led to the determination of the Line of Control (LOC) between India and Pakistan?
(a) Simla Agreement
(b) Tashkent Agreement
(c) Lahore Agreement
(d) Shimla Accord
Answer: (a) Simla Agreement

How many Indian states share their border with neighboring countries?
(a) 12
(b) 15
(c) 17
(d) 20
Answer: (c) 17

What is the region known as, which is under Pakistani control but claimed by India?
(a) POK (Pakistan Occupied Kashmir)
(b) Aksai Chin
(c) Gilgit-Baltistan
(d) Ladakh
Answer: (a) POK (Pakistan Occupied Kashmir)

Which line serves as the ceasefire line between India and Pakistan?
(a) Radcliffe Line
(b) Durand Line
(c) McMohan Line
(d) Line of Control (LOC)
Answer: (d) Line of Control (LOC)

The geographical feature that separates Sumatra and the Great Nicobar Island is known as:
(a) Malacca Strait
(b) Sunda Strait
(c) Great Channel
(d) Palk Strait
Answer: (c) Great Channel

Which neighboring country is located to the east of India?
(a) Pakistan
(b) Bangladesh
(c) Nepal
(d) Afghanistan
Answer: (b) Bangladesh

What is the term for the maritime boundary between India and Sri Lanka?
(a) Durand Line
(b) MacMahon Line
(c) Palk Strait
(d) Radcliffe Line
Answer: (c) Palk Strait

The highest number of neighboring countries with India is shared by which Indian state?
(a) Assam
(b) West Bengal
(c) Jammu and Kashmir
(d) Arunachal Pradesh
Answer: (b) West Bengal

The channel that separates Sri Lanka from India is named after which historical figure?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Rajendra Prasad
(d) Sardar Patel
Answer: (a) Mahatma Gandhi

Which international boundary is known as the McMahon Line?
(a) India-Pakistan
(b) India-China
(c) India-Bangladesh
(d) India-Nepal
Answer: (b) India-China

What is the name of the agreement that determined the border between India and China in 1914?
(a) Shimla Agreement
(b) Simla Accord
(c) Tashkent Agreement
(d) Durand Line Agreement
Answer: (a) Shimla Agreement

The border between Afghanistan and Pakistan is known as:
(a) Radcliffe Line
(b) Durand Line
(c) McMahon Line
(d) Palk Strait
Answer: (b) Durand Line

Which body of water separates the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from Sumatra?
(a) Malacca Strait
(b) Sunda Strait
(c) Palk Strait
(d) Gulf of Mannar
Answer: (b) Sunda Strait

Which international boundary was determined by the Redcliff Line in 1947?
(a) India-Pakistan
(b) India-Bangladesh
(c) India-China
(d) India-Nepal
Answer: (a) India-Pakistan

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