Important History Questions MCQ PDF Free Download

In this post we share some important history questions that help to your upcoming Competitive exam. If You preparing For Competitive Exam this post help for you.

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Important History Questions MCQ

What was the first ancient city discovered in India?
a) Mohenjo-Daro
b) Harappa
c) Lothal
d) Kalibangan
Answer: b) Harappa

Who said, “Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it”?
a) Subhas Chandra Bose
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
d) Jawaharlal Nehru
Answer: c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Who was the political mentor of Mahatma Gandhi?
a) Sardar Patel
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
d) Bhagat Singh
Answer: c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Who was the first Muslim woman ruler of Northern India/Delhi?
a) Razia Sultan
b) Noor Jahan
c) Mumtaz Mahal
d) Jahanara Begum
Answer: a) Razia Sultan

Which city was the port city of the Indus Valley Civilization?
a) Mohenjo-Daro
b) Harappa
c) Lothal
d) Kalibangan
Answer: c) Lothal

Who was the founder of the Indian National Congress?
a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Sardar Patel
c) A.O. Hume
d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Answer: c) A.O. Hume

What is the name of the first sermon delivered by Mahatma Buddha?
a) Nirvana Sutra
b) Dhammachakkappavattana Sutta
c) Mahaparinirvana Sutra
d) Dharma Chakra Pravartan
Answer: b) Dhammachakkappavattana Sutta

Which Veda is composed in both prose and verse?
a) Rigveda
b) Yajurveda
c) Samaveda
d) Atharvaveda
Answer: b) Yajurveda

Who started the first newspaper in India?
a) Raja Rammohan Roy
b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
c) Mahatma Gandhi
d) Sayyed Ahmad Khan
Answer: d) Sayyed Ahmad Khan

During whose reign did Buddhism split into Hinayana and Mahayana?
a) Ashoka
b) Kanishka
c) Harsha
d) Chandragupta Maurya
Answer: b) Kanishka

Who was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty?
a) Sikandar Lodi
b) Ibrahim Lodi
c) Bahlul Lodi
d) Daulat Khan Lodi
Answer: b) Ibrahim Lodi

Where was the first Jain Council held?
a) Pataliputra
b) Sarnath
c) Vaishali
d) Shravasti
Answer: a) Pataliputra

Which Mughal ruler is known as “Aurangzeb”?
a) Akbar
b) Babur
c) Shah Jahan
d) Aurangzeb Alamgir
Answer: d) Aurangzeb Alamgir

Who was honored with the title “Shaheed-e-Azam” (Martyr) in the Indian freedom struggle?
a) Mahatma Gandhi
b) Bhagat Singh
c) Subhas Chandra Bose
d) Jawaharlal Nehru
Answer: b) Bhagat Singh

Whose death occurred during the protest against the Simon Commission through a lathi charge?
a) Bhagat Singh
b) Lala Lajpat Rai
c) Jawaharlal Nehru
d) Subhas Chandra Bose
Answer: b) Lala Lajpat Rai

Who were the pioneers of the Wahabi movement in India?
a) Syed Ahmad Khan
b) Syed Ahmed Barelvi
c) Bahadur Shah Zafar
d) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Answer: b) Syed Ahmed Barelvi

Where did Lord Buddha attain Mahaparinirvana?
a) Lumbini
b) Bodh Gaya
c) Sarnath
d) Kushinagar
Answer: d) Kushinagar

Who presided over the first session of the Indian National Congress?
a) Dadabhai Naoroji
b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
c) Bipin Chandra Pal
d) Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee
Answer: d) Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee

In which temple is the famous Nataraja idol located, showcasing the art of Bharatanatyam?
a) Somnath Temple
b) Meenakshi Temple
c) Badami Cave Temple
d) Brihadeeswarar Temple
Answer: d) Brihadeeswarar Temple

In which language did Lord Buddha deliver his teachings?
a) Sanskrit
b) Pali
c) Prakrit
d) Magadhi
Answer: b) Pali

Which ruler completed the construction of the Qutub Minar?
a) Alauddin Khilji
b) Babur
c) Iltutmish
d) Akbar
Answer: c) Iltutmish

Which field is the book “Lilavati” related to?
a) Medicine
b) Music
c) Mathematics
d) Literature
Answer: c) Mathematics

Who commissioned the famous Kailashnath Temple at Ellora, known for its rock-cut architecture?
a) Chola Dynasty
b) Maurya Dynasty
c) Gupta Dynasty
d) Rashtrakuta Dynasty
Answer: d) Rashtrakuta Dynasty

During whose reign did the Chinese traveler Xuanzang visit India?
a) Harsha
b) Ashoka
c) Chandragupta Maurya
d) Akbar
Answer: a) Harsha

Who was the founder of Banaras Hindu University (B.H.U.)?
a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Madan Mohan Malaviya
c) Rabindranath Tagore
d) Sardar Patel
Answer: b) Madan Mohan Malaviya

Who was the first Governor-General of independent India?
a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Sardar Patel
c) Lord Mountbatten
d) Lord Canning
Answer: c) Lord Mountbatten

Whose coins featured the image of Goddess Lakshmi?
a) Ashoka
b) Harsha
c) Muhammad Ghori
d) Muhammad Ghazni
Answer: c) Muhammad Ghori

What was the capital of the Maurya Empire during the time of Emperor Ashoka?
a) Taxila
b) Pataliputra
c) Magadha
d) Vaishali
Answer: b) Pataliputra

Who is regarded as the philosopher-founder of the Bhakti movement in India?
a) Kabir
b) Ramanuja
c) Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
d) Shankaracharya
Answer: d) Shankaracharya

Which city was known as “Shiraz-e-Hind” (Lion of India)?
a) Delhi
b) Agra
c) Jaunpur
d) Hyderabad
Answer: c) Jaunpur

Who was the most famous ruler of the Chalukya dynasty?
a) Pulakeshin I
b) Pulakeshin II
c) Vikramaditya VI
d) Krishna I
Answer: b) Pulakeshin II

In the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192, who defeated Prithviraj Chauhan?
a) Muhammad Ghori
b) Muhammad Ghazni
c) Alauddin Khilji
d) Iltutmish
Answer: a) Muhammad Ghori

Who initiated the famous Silk Route connecting India with Central Asia and China?
a) Ashoka
b) Chandragupta Maurya
c) Harsha
d) Kanishka
Answer: d) Kanishka

Who was known as “Gulrukh”?
a) Razia Sultan
b) Noor Jahan
c) Mumtaz Mahal
d) Jahanara Begum
Answer: b) Noor Jahan

Which battle marked the beginning of British colonial rule in India?
a) Battle of Plassey
b) Battle of Buxar
c) Battle of Panipat
d) Battle of Plassey
Answer: a) Battle of Plassey

Who was the Maratha king who institutionalized the Maratha state’s revenue collection system known as “Chauth”?
a) Shivaji
b) Bajirao I
c) Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath
d) Aurangzeb
Answer: a) Shivaji

Who was the 24th and last Tirthankara in Jainism?
a) Rishabhanatha
b) Mahavira
c) Parshvanatha
d) Adinatha
Answer: b) Mahavira

Which Upanishad contains the phrase “Satyamev Jayate” (Truth alone triumphs)?
a) Chandogya Upanishad
b) Mundaka Upanishad
c) Aitareya Upanishad
d) Kena Upanishad
Answer: b) Mundaka Upanishad

Who was the ruler of Delhi during the Battle of Buxar in 1764?
a) Bahadur Shah II
b) Shah Alam II
c) Shah Jahan III
d) Akbar II
Answer: b) Shah Alam II

Who introduced the first gold coins in India?
a) Indo-Greeks
b) Mauryas
c) Kushanas
d) Guptas
Answer: a) Indo-Greeks

Where is the definition of Ashoka’s “Dhamma” found?
a) Rock Edicts
b) Pillar Edicts
c) Minor Rock Edicts
d) Major Rock Edicts
Answer: d) Major Rock Edicts

Who was the court painter of birds during the reign of Emperor Jahangir?
a) Abanindranath Tagore
b) M.F. Husain
c) Ustad Mansur
d) Raja Ravi Varma
Answer: c) Ustad Mansur

What city was known as “Kusumapura” during ancient times?
a) Patna
b) Varanasi
c) Pataliputra
d) Ujjain
Answer: a) Patna

Who is known for coining the term “Bhagavad Gita”?
a) Vyasa
b) Arjuna
c) Lord Krishna
d) Sanjaya
Answer: d) Sanjaya

Who was the first Mughal emperor to ascend the throne of India?
a) Babur
b) Humayun
c) Akbar
d) Shah Jahan
Answer: a) Babur

Which philosopher-historian called Akbar the “enemy of Islam”?
a) Al-Biruni
b) Ibn Battuta
c) Ferishta
d) Abu Fazl
Answer: c) Ferishta

Who was the first Acharya to philosophically establish Bhakti as a path to salvation?
a) Ramanuja
b) Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
c) Vallabhacharya
d) Guru Nanak
Answer: a) Ramanuja

Which city was known as “Sheraz-e-Hind” (Lion of India)?
a) Delhi
b) Agra
c) Jaunpur
d) Hyderabad
Answer: c) Jaunpur

Who is considered the most famous ruler of the Chalukya dynasty?
a) Pulakeshin I
b) Pulakeshin II
c) Vikramaditya VI
d) Krishna I
Answer: b) Pulakeshin II

Who defeated Prithviraj Chauhan in the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192?
a) Muhammad Ghori
b) Muhammad Ghazni
c) Alauddin Khilji
d) Iltutmish
Answer: a) Muhammad Ghori

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